Cocaine Addiction Treatment
Cocaine is one of the most addictive and dangerous drugs used today. The same drug used as an anesthetic in eye surgery by an Austrian ophthalmologist in 1884 is still causing problems through misuse and addiction.
Back then, the medical community realized the addictive properties of the drug and theyfound new drugs that were safer. As a result, it was no longer the standard of treatment.
Although health care professionals still use cocaine for certain medical procedures, its use as a prescription drug is minimal. Today, the biggest source of cocaine for recreational use is from the streets.
If you or a loved one is suffering from cocaine addiction, it’s time to learn more about the many benefits of recovery. At Clean & Sober Recovery Services, we offer treatment for cocaine addiction in a safe, medically-supervised setting. Successfully completing a recovery program for cocaine addiction is the first step towards enjoying your life again.
If you’re considering cocaine addiction treatment for you or a loved one, we are here to help you learn more your addiction and how treatment works to restore happiness and contentment to your life.
What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is the most powerful naturally occurring stimulant. that works as an anesthetic or pain blocker. It comes from the leaves of the coca plant and used primarily as a recreational drug. The cocaine sold on the street has several nicknames including blow, snow, coke, dust, rock, and crack.
As a fast-acting nervous system stimulant, cocaine causes the user to experience feelings of euphoria. Many users say that it is unlike anything else they’ve ever felt. Cocaine gives them a strong sense of happiness and makes them hyper-focused.
The cocaine bought on the street is a fine, white, crystalline powder. The risk for cocaine addiction and overdose make cocaine dangerous. It’s the other drugs or substances mixed in that make it even more dangerous.
Drug dealers often cut cocaine with substances that have a similar appearance like talcum or flour. This allows them to make more money selling the diluted drugs. The real danger comes from mixing in stronger, more dangerous drugs like amphetamines, heroin, or other stimulants.
How Cocaine works
Using cocaine stimulates the brain’s reward pathway. The same area affected by the drug regulates a person’s emotions and motivation. Normally, the brain releases dopamine which binds to specialized dopamine receptors. The dopamine is a chemical messenger during this process that carries a signal from one neuron to another. A transporter, another type of specialized protein, removes the dopamine so it can be recycled for future use.
Taking cocaine interferes with the brain’s normal communication process. The drug binds to the dopamine transporter, preventing the removal of dopamine. This allows dopamine to accumulate in the brain, creating an amplified signal to the receiving neurons. This results in the feelings of euphoria experienced right after using cocaine. These changes are what cause the user to want to use the drug again. Repetitive use of the drug leads to addiction..
Key Cocaine statistics and facts
Most of us don’t think about the risk of our children a dangerous street drug like cocaine. Drug addiction is something that happens to someone else. But the statistics show that cocaine use and addiction aren’t for adults only.
- Cocaine use has remained relatively stable since 2009
- There were about 1.5 million people aged 12 years or older who used cocaine in 2014
- Adults aged 18 to 25 years use cocaine more than any other age group
- 1.4 percent of young adults admit to using cocaine within the past month
- In 2014, more than 900,000 people met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria based on the dependence or abuse of cocaine during the past 12 months
- Cocaine played a role in more than 505,000 visits to emergency departments in 2011.
What happens when someone takes Cocaine?
Users take cocaine by swallowing, snorting, injecting, or smoking the drug. Some people overdose after the first use. The risk of addiction grows with repeated use of the drug.
The feeling of euphoria is the primary reason people take cocaine. After taking the drug, the person feels happier, more confident, and more energetic. Users often continue using the drug to achieve these same good feelings, even when they know it is bad for them.
When people take cocaine for a long time, it often causes the opposite effects. They might feel sad and withdrawal from other people. Even when people experience unpleasant feelings of withdrawal, the brain associates drug use with the pleasurable feelings of a cocaine high.
People who become addicted to the drug are tolerant of the unpleasant symptoms and continue to seek out the good ones with repeated use..
What are the short-term risks of Cocaine?
The effects of cocaine can start anywhere from five to thirty minutes after use depending on several factors. The drug reaches the brain within seconds or minutes, causing euphoric effects. The intensity of this feeling depends on the mode of administration, each of which also has different peak times.
The effects from snorted cocaine peaks in 15 to 20 minutes while oral doses peak in about an hour. Injected cocaine peaks within 5 minutes. Smoking cocaine results in a peak within 3 to 5 minutes. This mode of dosing is also followed by an unpleasant crash. The more intense the effects are, the shorter the feeling lasts.
Other short-term effects of cocaine include::
- Extreme sensitivity to sound, touch, and sight
- Anger or irritability
- Feelings of paranoia
- Intense happiness
- Decreased appetite
What are the long-term risks of Cocaine?
People develop a tolerance to cocaine quickly. They no longer get the same potent effects from using the same amount of the drug. The more frequently they use the drug, the more their brain adapts to it. Using larger doses and/or using cocaine more frequently increases their risk of addiction or overdose. Their brain begins to rely on the drug
Other long-term effects of cocaine include:
- Difficulty thinking
- Conclusions and seizures
- Loss of memory
- Sexual problems
- Slower reaction time
- Stomach problems
- Heart conditions including stroke, heart disease, and stroke
- Lung damage
Since the effects of cocaine wear off quickly, some people engage in binge use, taking multiple doses back to back. Binging leads to faster physical and psychological dependence on the drug and a greater risk of developing long-term side effects or overdosing.
These are not all of the potential long-term effects of using cocaine. Although users aren’t likely to experience all of them, repeated use increases their risk of experiencing long-term, permanent effects. It couldn’t be more important to get cocaine addiction treatment as quickly as possible..
Signs of a Cocaine addiction
Statistics show that people aged 12 years and older have a high risk of cocaine use. It’s important that parents, friends, coworkers, and loved ones recognize common cocaine addiction symptoms in the people around them.
People who use cocaine aren’t always willing to accept help. The people who use cocaine no longer think reasonably or make good choices. Sometimes, staging an intervention is the only way to make them face their addiction and enter treatment for cocaine addiction.
Some signs of cocaine abuse and addiction include::
- White powder residue around the mouth and nose
- Mood swings
- Changes in sleeping and eating habits
- Weight loss
- Uncharacteristic risky behavior
- Increased sexual activity
- Social isolation
- Financial problems
- Needle marks
- Dilated pupils combined with light sensitivity
- Runny nose and/or frequent nosebleeds
- Drug paraphernalia
What Medications Are Used for Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
Currently, there are no medications used for the specific treatment for cocaine addiction. Researchers are currently testing medications that are marketed for other diseases.
One option showing the most promise is disulfiram, a drug used to treat alcoholism. Disulfiram isn’t an effective cocaine addiction treatment for every person.
Also of interest is a potential new cocaine vaccine that helps reduce the risk of relapse. The vaccine works by stimulating the immune system to create antibodies specific to cocaine. It helps prevent cocaine from reaching the brain and blocks the drug’s effects. Researchers are looking for ways to improve the vaccine and give it longer-lasting effects.
How to treat a Cocaine addiction
Cocaine addiction is a complex disease. It affects every aspect of a person’s life and those around them. For cocaine addiction treatment to be effective, it must address every one of these areas.
Every treatment period begins with a full psychological and physical evaluation. This provides the treatment staff with the information needed to develop a personalized treatment plan that fits the individual’s needs. Afterward, the patient receives information about their treatment package, so they know what to expect once their treatment begins.
Some of the therapies used during cocaine addiction treatment include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is a type of psychotherapy which teaches the person to think differently so that they can change their behavior patterns. Instead of acting on negative thought processes that lead to drug uses, they learn to deal with everyday challenges in a safe, drug-free way.
Every person follows a unique path to cocaine addiction. A CBT therapist helps the patient identify their negative thought patterns and helps them find new ways of thinking. CBT helps patients develop life skills that prepare them for their return to everyday life with a lower risk of relapse.
Group therapy allows patients with cocaine addiction to support one another in their recovery journey. Many people who use cocaine experience social isolation prior to entering treatment.
Group therapy provides a comfortable venue where they can discuss their addiction, the challenges they’ve faced, and their progress with treatment. Sharing with others who have the same types of challenges empowers them and helps them form a network of support. Where isolation leads to increased use of cocaine, the support they gain in group therapy helps prevent them from relapsing.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy
One of the greatest obstacles people face when a loved one has a cocaine addiction is their ambivalence about seeking treatment. Some want to push treatment back a little more each day, waiting until they’re “ready.” Others already feel they have total control over their need to use cocaine. They believe they can quit whenever they want to.
Motivational enhancement therapy helps get past their hesitancy to enter treatment. When motivational enhancement therapy is successful, it helps make their cocaine addiction treatment more effective.
This mode of treatment relies on rewarding patients for desirable behaviors. The rewards might include something the person enjoys outside of treatment such as special meals or even cash incentives.
Creative Expression Therapy
Patients express their feelings through a variety of creative means. For those people who have difficulty talking about their feelings, creative expression therapy can help them resolve feelings that led to their cocaine addiction.
For other people, acting out their feelings is easier than talking about them. It’s also a way for them to discover their emotions relating to particular situations or events.
Why Choose Clean & Sober Recovery Services for Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
Making the choice to enter cocaine addiction treatment is the most important decision a person can make. But the choice in a treatment center is just as important. Failing to get the range of treatment therapies that is right for the individual often results in relapse. Failed attempts at treatment are one of the biggest reasons people don’t want to enter another treatment facility.
At Clean & Sober Recovery Services, we provide a range of therapy types for the drug-specific treatment that is right for the individual. Everything we do is with our patients’ comfort in mind.
Every treatment for addiction begins with the detox process. This part of the treatment often produces unpleasant physical and emotional sensations. The caring staff at Clean & Sober Recovery Services provides medical and psychological support every from the first step of the treatment program until after the last one.
We take a holistic approach to treatment for cocaine addiction that includes a nutritional program. We also include adventure therapies and meditation sessions to help patients experience joy and mindfulness.
When patients leave Clean & Sober Recovery Services cocaine addiction treatment program, they have developed the life skills they need to cope with life’s challenges. They are supported back into their community prepared to enjoy a fulfilling life without allowing triggers to cause them to turn to cocaine. Ongoing talking therapy and group therapy support help prevent relapse and support their drug-free life.
To learn more about Clean & Sober Recovery Services and our cocaine addiction program, contact us today!